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Institut für Physiologie und Pathophysiologie

WG Medical Biophysics

Head

Prof. Dr. Alexander Groh

Institute of Physiology and Pathophysiology
INF 326
69120 Heidelberg

Phone:

+49 6221 54-4050

E-Mail:

 groh@uni-heidelberg.de

Our Field of Research

The cerebral cortex is the ‘cognitive’ headquarter of the brain and is instrumental for transforming sensory signals into action. But how does the cortex communicate with the rest of the brain to fulfil this function and how are impairments to this communication expressed in brain diseases? Our lab investigates the structure and the functional mechanisms underlying the interplay between the cortex and subcortical networks that give rise to cognitive functions, including sensori-motor transformations, salience encoding and pathological pain. We are leveraging a combination of in vivo deep-brain electrophysiology, optogenetics, synaptic physiology and behavioural approaches in the mouse model system.

 

Scientists of the division are also integrated in a number of regional and national research centers and networks:   

 


Neue Publikationen

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Pflügers Archiv - European journal of physiology becomes the official journal of the German Physiological Society. 2020 Dec;472(12):1657. doi: 10.1007/s00424-020-02493-z. Editorial. No abstract available.

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Mild metabolic stress is sufficient to disturb the formation of pyramidal cell ensembles during gamma oscillations. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2020 Dec;40(12):2401-2415. doi: 10.1177/0271678X19892657. Epub 2019 Dec 16.

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Gene transfer to the vascular system: Novel translational perspectives for vascular diseases. Biochem Pharmacol. 2020 Dec;182:114265. doi: 10.1016/j.bcp.2020.114265. Epub 2020 Oct 6. Review.

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Alterations of distributed neuronal network oscillations during acute pain in freely-moving mice. IBRO Rep. 2020 Dec;9:195-206. doi: 10.1016/j.ibror.2020.08.001. eCollection 2020 Dec. Epub 2020 Aug 11.

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A thalamic bridge from sensory perception to cognition. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2020 Nov 24:S0149-7634(20)30647-3. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2020.11.013. Review. Online ahead of print.

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Debunking a myth: plant consciousness. Protoplasma. 2020 Nov 16. doi: 10.1007/s00709-020-01579-w. Review. Online ahead of print.

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VEGF-D Downregulation in CA1 Pyramidal Neurons Exerts Asymmetric Changes of Dendritic Morphology without Correlated Electrophysiological Alterations. Neuroscience. 2020 Nov 10;448:28-42. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2020.09.012. Epub 2020 Sep 11.

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The mitochondrial calcium uniporter is crucial for the generation of fast cortical network rhythms. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2020 Nov;40(11):2225-2239. doi: 10.1177/0271678X19887777. Epub 2019 Nov 13.

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Processing of hippocampal network activity in the receiver network of the medial entorhinal cortex layer V. J Neurosci. 2020 Oct 28;40(44):8413-8425. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0586-20.2020. Epub 2020 Sep 25.

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Multifunctional reactive MALDI matrix enabling high-lateral resolution dual polarity MS imaging and lipid C=C position-resolved MS2 imaging. 2020 Oct 20;92(20):14130-14138. doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.0c03150. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

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Neuronal gamma oscillations and activity-dependent potassium transients remain regular after depletion of microglia in postnatal cortex tissue. J Neurosci Res. 2020 Oct;98(10):1953-1967. doi: 10.1002/jnr.24689. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

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Synchronicity of excitatory inputs drives hippocampal networks to distinct oscillatory patterns. Hippocampus. 2020 Oct;30(10):1044-1057. doi: 10.1002/hipo.23214. Epub 2020 May 15.

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Anesthetics and plants: no pain, no brain, and therefore no consciousness. Protoplasma. 2020 Sep 2. doi: 10.1007/s00709-020-01550-9. Online ahead of print.

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Brain energy rescue: an emerging therapeutic concept for neurodegenerative disorders of ageing. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2020 Sep;19(9):609-633. doi: 10.1038/s41573-020-0072-x. Epub 2020 Jul 24.

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Microglia and lipids: how metabolism controls brain innate immunity. Semin Cell Dev Biol. 2020 Aug 14;S1084-9521(19)30197-1. doi: 10.1016/j.semcdb.2020.08.001. Online ahead of print.


Institut für
Physiologie und Pathophysiologie

Universität Heidelberg

Im Neuenheimer Feld 326

69120 Heidelberg

Telefon:+49 6221 54-4056
Telefax:+49 6221 54-6364
E-Mail:susanne.bechtel@
physiologie.uni-heidelberg.de